What is Zolpidem?
Zolpidem is the trade name of the drug Ambien and it contains an active ingredient named Zolpidem and it is used in the treatment of sleep ailments. This is a prescription-only drug and possesses a high risk of addiction. The medication can be taken in different ways like through mouth, sublingual, and rectal. The biological half-life of the drug is between 2-3 hours. The duration of action is for three hours. Zolpidem is available as immediate release and extended-release capsules.
How does Zolpidem work?
Individuals who suffer from lack of sleep because of insomnia would be because of the imbalanced chemicals in the central nervous system. So, the drug works to convert these imbalance natural chemicals to the balanced ones. When this occur, an individual would be able to feel relaxed thus it would pave way for a peaceful sleep.
When immediate-release tablets are taken it can help an individual to get sleep. If maintaining a proper sleep is an issue for you then you can go for extended-release capsules. When the capsule is taken, the outer ingredients of the medication would get absorbed by the body. This can help you to get sleep. After a certain period of time, the inner ingredients of the capsule would start to work. Due to this, a person would be able to maintain sleep for a extended span of time.
What are the dosage strengths available for Zolpidem?
Zolpidem pills can be available in two different dosage strengths. The varied doses are 5mg and 10mg. Women are usually instructed to take the lower dosage strength of the drug as they have a very low metabolism rate. With respect to men, the doctor might prescribe either a lower or a higher dose after checking their metabolism rate.
Missing a dose
Since you would be taking the medication only prior to sleep there is less chance for you to miss taking the dose. In case, you are unsure what to do, call your doctor to get the necessary precautionary measures.
Drug overdose should be avoided during the treatment. Taking higher doses or the number of pills would not increase the effectiveness but would cause serious issues in your body. Get medical help immediately if you find that you have drug overdosed.
How Does Addiction happen during Zolpidem treatment?
Initially, when Zolpidem is taken, you might get proper effectiveness from it. After a certain period of time, your body would have developed tolerance towards the drug. Due to this, it won’t be possible to get the same effect that once you experienced. Due to this, people would naturally increase the dosage strength and take the higher Zolpidem doses for their treatment. This higher dose would not be effective on the condition after some time and it is the truth.
When a person takes the medication for a longer period of time (say more than 3 months) or with higher doses than what the medico is instructed, then there are chances to get addicted to it. Several ill effects would be triggered in the body during and after addiction period. This is the reason why a doctor would prescribe this medication for a period of 2-3 weeks and not more than that. Only after a break, the medication would be again instructed to be taken. Always consult with your doctor if you feel that there are symptoms that you are getting addict to the drug.
What is Zolpidem withdrawal symptom mean?
After the therapy gets over and you have stopped taking Zolpidem pills, there are chances for you to experience withdrawal symptoms. This can occur 24 to 48 hours after you have stopped the consumption of this medication. Try to handle the effects but if it worsens, then it would be a wise idea to get help from a healthcare professional.
- You might feel sleepy even in the morning so to be safe avoid indulging in activities like driving a car, handling a machinery or any acts that require complete alertness.
- You are not supposed to consume Zolpidem if you are pregnant or breastfeeding a child. The traces of Zolpidem might pass on to the baby or fetus when a mother takes it thus creating issues.
- Never abruptly stop taking the pills as it might cause withdrawal symptoms.
- Doubling, increasing or decreasing the drug dosage should be avoided with the advice of the healthcare professional.
Always consult with your pharmacist or your doctor before commencing the course of treatment with Zolpidem to reduce the side effects of the drug.
Side effects of Zolpidem
All drug will have side effects. Some of the minor and major side effects of Zolpidem is listed below.
Minor ill effects:
- Dry mouth
- Stomach upset
- Muscle pain
- A headache
Major ill effects:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Pain in chest
- Abnormal heart rate
- Symptoms of a heart attack
This is not the complete list of side effects of the drug. Get immediate help from your doctor if you undergo any of the above said side effects or any other side effects during the course of treatment to avoid unwanted risks.
Interaction with other drugs
It is reported that Zolpidem drug would interact with about 156 drugs. When Zolpidem is taken with other medications there are chances that you would feel sleepier or your breath would be lowered. To protect you from these hazards it is a must to inform about the drugs that you are taking to the medico. It can be a prescription only medication, over the counter pills or herbal products.